review for ch.1-3 test - Ch. 1 Methods of Acquiring...

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Ch. 1 Methods of Acquiring Knowledge: intuition (feeling), rationalism (reasoning), authority (respected source), & empiricism (observation) Science: most trustworthy way of getting trustworthy knowledge o induction: specific to general; used in science o deduction: general to specific Deterministic model: no randomness/error Probabilistic/Stochastic/Statistical model: has error and randomness Statistics does not tell you anything about cause and effect! Empiricism is important b/c in psychology observation tells you a lot. o must be conducted under controlled conditions and systematic strategies must be used in order to minimize researcher bias and to maximize objectivity Logical positivism: focuses on verifying hypotheses as the key criterion of science; natural world follows scientific laws. Falsification: a deductive approach to science that focuses on falsifying hypotheses as the key criterion of science; hypotheses should be able to be falsified Basic assumptions of scientific research: uniformity/regularity in nature, reality in nature, and discoverability Characteristics of Research: control, operationalism, and replication o Control: elimination of extraneous variables; placebo effect o Operationalism/zation: representing constructs by specific sets of operations; defining how we’ll measure something; this helps eliminate ambiguity and confusion
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course PSYC 3980 taught by Professor Claffey during the Summer '09 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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review for ch.1-3 test - Ch. 1 Methods of Acquiring...

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