Ch. 3 notes

Ch. 3 notes - things they do wrong w/o realizing that the...

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CHAPTER 3 NOTES (6/21/10) ~Hypothesis - Statement of behavior that can be tested and falsified -Come form everyday life (source for hypothetical ideas) -practical applications ~Developing Hypotheses: -preliminary work -generation of a study -Everyday experience helps come up with a problem parameterizing a problem -practical issues are sometimes used to come up with hypotheses. -past research *limits *extended study *cumulative ~Theory: -cognitive dissonance : a conflict that occurs in one’s head -Festinger -Ex: If a guy buys a bad car, he may say it’s awesome. This is b/c of cognitive dissonance. It’s like a defense mechanism/pride issue. -Ex: Two ppl complete a task and one is paid $1 and the other $20. The one paid $1 says the task was awesome and the one paid $20 was awful. -Fundamental Attribution Error : the error that one makes when he/she assigns blames to something for causing something else to occur; we have a tendency to blame people for
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Unformatted text preview: things they do wrong w/o realizing that the context is causing the error. ~Bias in Information/in research ideas: -What topics are important? -have to be careful not to limit the scope of research -diversity: absence of diversity means we are only studying certain things and this brings us to bias ~Ideas that don’t foster scientific hypotheses:-religion -Morality Ethics -Falsifiability: You must be able to falsify a hypothesis for it to be a hypothesis. -Lit Reviews: Some students take a professor’s ideas and deviate a little from them. -It is possible to tweak a variable to make the study different. ~Directional Effect: better hypothesis; gives information on what a relationship is all about besides just whether there’s a relationship or not. ~Non-Directional Effect: ~Hypotheses always come first and analyzing comes later....
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Ch. 3 notes - things they do wrong w/o realizing that the...

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