11:4:11 - REVIEW 18:10[ ; ,military,economicinnovation

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REVIEW 18:10 [responsible for modules 10-16] socialization – become accustomed to standards of behavior; states will usually conform  to standards of appropriateness in order to be a member of the group emulation – stems from competition see successful political, military, economic innovations --> COPY 1860s: Mei Ji Revolution in Japan; afterward, sent a mission around the world to look at  best ideas of government and economics and brought them back to implement in Japan Publius Before Kant what makes a republic security viable?  small, weak states --> vulnerable threatened by neighbors Montesquieu: at different sizes, different types of governments naturally result states tend to adopt a government relevant to their size direct democracy works at a small scale large scale: cannot maintain checks and balances --> tendency toward despotism  how do we make this system viable on a larger scale? - Republican Security  Theory Hypothesis: 1. federal union enables republican viability in a competitive interstate system 
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2. representation allows for larger size restraints that allow republics to survive balance, separate, mixture citizen virtue, constitutions Iron Laws 1. small republics won’t last long. if they grow large, republican character is lost  (government is centralized, citizenship is changed, representation is watered down) ex: Ancient Rome levels of representation – a compound republic – allows the system to avoid tyranny  (note: not one big republic) how has that changed throughout history? European State System treaties at end of hegemonic wars: Westphalia, Utrecht, Vienna, Versailles think of these as constitutions and think of Europe as a republic sets up a constitution of states in anarchy with a raw balance of power between them internal organizing principle of state is hierarchy and externally is anarchy American states constitution Philadelphian think of this as an international treaty republics in a federal union with a channeled balance of power
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course INT POL AS.190.213 taught by Professor Danieldeudney during the Fall '11 term at Johns Hopkins.

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11:4:11 - REVIEW 18:10[ ; ,military,economicinnovation

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