Lecture 12 - Balance of Power (I): I. Definitions and...

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Balance of Power (I): I. Definitions and Features a. BoP= Configuration of Power Missiles in Cuba b. BoP= Equality or Equilibrium produces a check or restraint on states prevents concentration of power c. To Balance: 1. Balancing vs. Bandwagoning To balance=to counteract Options: to balance, to be neutral, to appease, to bandwagon Bandwagon: joins with the threatening power 2. Threat = intent and capability Early theories: states balance and counteract automatically Problematic: Canada isn’t threatened by US capability: raw power 3. External vs. Internal How do states balance? External form alliances Internal mobilize power
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d. Puzzles and Questions Will balancing be automatic? Is balancing behavior presupposing some sort of institution or set of social practices? Learning over time Under what circumstances does balancing produce an equilibrium? What is the difference between balancing and other restraints of power? II. Balancing Failures Balances do not always form, fail, equilibriums don’t emerge a. Collective Action the more actors you have to get together, the harder it is to get something done Macedonia overran greek city-states, too many of them to get their shit together b. Buckpassing Free riding Try to get someone else to bear the burden so you benefit Ex. Years immediately before WWII, US wouldn’t get involved as frontline states got dominated by Nazis, assumed that Europe could fight off the Germans
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Lecture 12 - Balance of Power (I): I. Definitions and...

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