midterm1_review - International Politics Review for Midterm...

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International Politics Review for Midterm 1 IDENTIFICATION AND DEFINITION Delian League – Association of Greek city-states centralized in Athens that collects tributes from all allies, whether democratic or oligarchic in political structure. Athens’ heavy-handed control of the League prompted the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles – Leader of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. Proponent of democracy. Gave a famous funeral oration a year after the war ended. Corcyra – Corcyra was a neutral state but had a strong navy, so Corcyra’s alliance was big deal because it would determine which way naval power would go. Corcyra experiences an atrocious civil war, which stimulates the breakdown of social order and family order. The meanings of words are perverted, concepts fundamentally shift, and there is a shift in what is socially acceptable. Pausanias Themistocles – After the Persians invade Greece twice – in 490 under Darius and in 480 under Xerxes – the Greeks retaliated. Although the Greeks were outnumbered, they fought and won key battles at Thermapylae, Marathon, and Salamis. Salamis was unique in that it was a naval battle; Themistocles is known for having led the Greeks to an epic victory at sea. Alcibiades – Alcibiades was an Athenian strategist during the Peloponnesian War. The Athens’ Sicilian Expedition was his idea. Cleon – Cleon’s state allegiance fluctuated throughout the Peloponnesian War. He was an imprudent ruler of Athens whose leadership followed Pericles’. He supported the punishment of the Mytilenean rebels. hoplite – Advances in military technology altered composition of the warrior class and the fashion in which battles were fought. During the Bronze Age, bronze weapons were expensive, meaning only elites possessed them, and therefore establishing a pyramidal social structure. However, with the advent of iron weapons, which were not only stronger but also cheaper, the weapons were more broadly distributed, and thus a greater number of ordinary citizens could possess them. The use of iron weapons in the military lead to the implementation of the hoplite infantry formation: heavily armed infantrymen fought together in close coordination. Iron weapons and the hoplite formation were employed in Sparta, meaning a large majority of the male population was involved in defense, and the widespread involvement led ultimately to the establishment of a broad oligarchy. military basis of Greek oligarchy military basis of Greek democracy nomos vs. phusis – “nomos” = law, morality vs. “phusis” = nature; Thucydides’ worldview was based on natural materialism, which is defined by natural convention and social morality. He defines human nature by three key characteristics: fear, honor, and self-interest; he claims that it is the play of these characteristics that determine the shape of politics, and by extension, the world. prognosis
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course INT POL AS.190.213 taught by Professor Danieldeudney during the Fall '11 term at Johns Hopkins.

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midterm1_review - International Politics Review for Midterm...

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