8b_Cardiovascular_Review_Sheet - Cardiovascular System...

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Unformatted text preview: Cardiovascular System Objectives/Study Guide Reading Assignment: Students should read: Chapters 5 and 7 Section 1: Definitions. Where appropriate, include illustrations and/or a description of what conditions, hormones, enzymes engage the given process, etc. 17. Depolarization 33. End ­systolic volume 1. Right Ventricle 18. Atrioventricular node 34. Diastole 2. Pulmonary Artery 19. Bundles of His 35. Systole 3. Pulmonary Capillary 20. Bundle Branches 36. Stroke volume 4. Pulmonary Vein 21. Purkinje Fibers 37. Ejection fraction 5. Left Ventricle 22. Sympathetic Nervous 38. Frank Starling’s Principle 6. Aorta System 39. Muscle pump 7. Arteries 23. Parasympathetic Nervous 40. Respiratory pump 8. Arterioles System 41. Blood pressure 9. Muscular capillary 24. Chronotropic 42. Systolic BP 10. Veins 25. Inotropic 43. Diastolic PB 11. Superior and Inferior 26. Catecholamines 44. Mean arterial pressure Vena Cava 27. Vagal Nerves 45. A ­VO2 difference 12. Heart murmur 28. Endocrine System 46. Cardiac Output 13. Mitral Valve Prolapse 29. Bradycardia (definition and formula) 14. Myocardium 30. Tachycardia 47. VO2 formula 15. Sinoatrial node 31. Venous return 48. Cardiac Cycle 16. Autoconduction 32. End ­diastolic volume Section 2: Short Answers. Students should be able to answer the following questions: 49. Illustrate the flow of blood from the right atrium all the way through the body to its return back to the right atrium (DRAW); and answer the following: a. Where does the right side of heart pump blood to? b. The left side of heart? c. Blood returns to the heart through what vessels? 50. Identify which chamber blood leaks into in someone with MVP. 51. Explain how the heart “beats” without neural control. 52. Differentiate between intrinsic and extrinsic control of the heart. 53. Describe the effects of SNS and PNS on the heart. 54. Identify the relationship between an increase in intensity of exercise and a) HR, b) SNS activity, c) PNS activity, d) hormonal activity (i.e., Epinephrine and Norepinephrine), and e) firing of SA node. 55. Identify the relationship between aerobic training and resting and exercise (at both submaximal and maximal intensities) HR, SV, Cardiac Output, VO2, A ­VO2 difference. 56. Identify the relationship between aerobic training and SNS activity, PNS activity, hormonal activity, and firing of SA node. 57. Label major components of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems: all valves, all chambers, vena cavas, coronary arteries, gap junctions, both nodes, Bundles of His, Bundle Branches, Purkinje Fibers, major pulmonary vessels. 58. Discuss the impact of: a) SNS activation on cardiovascular response, and 2) PNS activation on cardiovascular response. 59. Complete the following sentence: “Resting HR decreases with training because...” 60. Relate ejection fraction to intensity of exercise. 61. Arrange in order the steps involved in transmission of an electrical impulse across the heart. 62. Identify what happens to the following when intensity of exercise increases: a) venous return, b) end ­diastolic volume, c) end ­systolic volume, d) stroke volume, and e) ejection fraction. 63. Explain why SV and EF increase when exercise workload increases. 64. Explain why SV and EF are compromised during heavy resistance exercise. 65. Describe the relationship between venous return and stroke volume. 66. List the physiological mechanisms required for blood to return to the heart. 67. Contrast distribution of blood flow at rest and during vigorous exercise. 68. State the average systolic and diastolic BP. 69. Explain why mean arterial pressure is not (SBP+DBP)/2. 70. Describe the relationship between intensity of exercise and: a) SBP, and b) DBP. 71. Complete the following sentence: “Stroke volume is not a limiting factor to exercise because...” 72. Relate the effects of gender to SV, cardiac output, and oxygen uptake. 73. Explain and illustrate the components of an ECG reading. ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course ESS 3317 taught by Professor Abel during the Spring '12 term at Texas State.

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