Chapter 8 - 8 Language, Thinking, Reasoning sign language...

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8 – Language, Thinking, Reasoning sign language doesn't slow down the learning of a new language Stroop color-naming test demonstrates that reading is automatic people who speak a language that lacks terms for distinguishing colors can tell these colors apart Categories prototype – a “typical” member of a category, one that has most of the defining features of a category Cultural differences, experiential differences, expertise differences Our concepts affect our reasoning What is a problem? Starting point → (non-obvious path) → goal state how do you solve a problem? Represent the problem generate solutions “blind spots” in problem solving Representing the Problem image – mental representation of visual info mental models – intuitive theories about the way things work salience of surface characteristics prevent us from seeing the underlying structure Domino problem vs. bachelor problem Duncker's Candle Problem
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Chapter 8 - 8 Language, Thinking, Reasoning sign language...

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