Chapter 6 - 6 Learning Preparedness when certain stimuli...

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6 – Learning Preparedness – when certain stimuli are more likely than others to go together with certain responses Skinner and his followers DID NOT believe that punishment is generally more effective in changing children’s behavior than reinforcement Principles behaviorists claim explain everything Habituation – simplest form of learning o Decline in the tendency to respond to stimulus that are familiar due to repeated exposure o Ex. clock ticking, traffic noise, trains o An adaptive mechanism to keep us focused on new objects and events o Special case: sensitization to irritating, dangerous stimuli, can’t habituate everything Classical conditioning (Pavlovian or respondent conditioning) – the learning of an association between one stimulus and another stimulus o Conditioned “reflexes” o Dog conditioned to think food comes when a light bulb comes on and dog still salivates when the food is gone but light bulb comes on o A dorm experiment o
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Chapter 6 - 6 Learning Preparedness when certain stimuli...

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