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Chapter 1 - ◦ predict behavior/reactions across...

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Chapter 1: Psychology & Scientific Thinking Psychology - scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior Scientific Theory - explanation for a large number of findings in the natural world Hypothesis – testable prediction derived from a scientific theory Principles of Scientific Thinking Rule out rival hypotheses Correlation vs. Causation Falsifiability Replicability Extraordinary claim Occam's razor – does simpler explanation work? Warning signs of pseudoscience Goals of Psychology describe how people & animals behave understand & explain cause of behavior
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Unformatted text preview: ◦ predict behavior/reactions across situations ◦ control behavior through understanding its causes & consequences Framework of Psychology ◦ Structural ◦ Psychoanalysis ◦ Cognitivism ◦ Functionalism ◦ Behaviorism Levels of Analysis ◦ Social – personal relationships ◦ Behavioral – what you do ◦ Mental – thoughts & feelings ◦ Neurological – brain structure & function ◦ Neurochemical – neurotransmitters ◦ Molecular – genes Debates ◦ Nature vs. Nurture...
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