14 & 15 - Rock and Roll - 14 15 Rock Roll Ray...

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14 & 15 – Rock & Roll Ray Charles “I Got a Woman” (1954) merges gospel and r&b adapted from church hymn, given new secular (and sacrilegious) lyrics soaring gospel vocals (shouts, falsetto, wails) r&b sax solo, call-and-response “Rock and Roll” 1922: Trixie Smith “My Man Rocks me with one Steady Roll” 1951: Cleveland DJ Alan Freed uses as alternate term for R&B in part to obscure the music's racial origins 1955-1959 Loose, general term for a collection of styles Over time, it has come to symbolize a musical revolution as working-class, urban, marginalized musics went mainstream Can't identify the beginning “Like trying to point out the first drop of rain in a hurricane” not one event, not one person, not a single style Cultural Factors (some) crossing of racial & class lines during & after WWII teenager culture post-war affluence radio & television Musical Influences (some) rhythm & blues (biggest influence) country and western Afro-Caribbean rhythms and Mexican music gospel music big bang swing/jazz Various styles (c. 1954-1956) northern r&b-influenced bands (Bill Haley) southern/Memphis rockabilly (Elvis Presley) gospel/r&b (Ray Charles)
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