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7 - Golden Age TPA - st person anyone can...

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7 - “Golden Age” of Tin Pan Alley 1920s – 1930s produces thousands of songs, including many that have become standards renowned song composers: Irving Berlin, George Gershwin, etc Characteristic Tin Pan Alley Song Form (Short instrumental intro) Verse Dramatic context, tone. Shorter, often serves as intro (sometimes cut). Refrain Becomes more and more important. usually 32-bars (four 8-bar phrases). A Statement of main musical material A’ Restatement B Bridge/Release - contrasting, new material A’’ Final statement Gene Austin An early crooner intimate, gentle, relaxed singing style made possible by the invention of the microphone (1925) “My Blue Heaven” (1927) Al Jolson (1886-1950) Vaudeville-style “ belter theatrical performer sings “at” you and not “to you effusive emotion Typical Tin Pan Alley song characteristics Sentimental ballads & love songs Escapism, optimism, romance, domestic bliss personal emotions (often told in 1
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Unformatted text preview: st person) anyone can experience/sing/appreciate/buy Bing Crosby (1904-1977) #1 recording star prior to 1950 (300-500 mil records) legendary crooner ◦ starts with Paul Whiteman then goes solo ◦ “everyman” sound “Brother Can You Spare a Dime” (1931) ◦ unofficial theme song of the Great Depression (exception to typical TPA songs) ◦ lyrics: bewilderment, betrayal ◦ music: how does music reflect the theme of the song? George Gershwin (1898-1937) pianist, songwriter, composer TPA, Broadway, Hollywood interest in jazz, blues, syncopation “I Got Rhythm” (1930) ◦ singer: Ethel Merman ◦ Built on short, syncopated 4-note riff ◦ Verse/Refrain form ▪ Verse = minor, slower, sets up contrast ▪ Refrain (AABA) = major, uptempo, optimistic. ◦ Famous chord pattern (“rhythm changes”) ▪ TPA song influences jazz practice...
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