SOC+344+FAMILY+HISTORY+2+F+11

SOC+344+FAMILY+HISTORY+2+F+11 - Marriage and Family before...

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Marriage and Family before and after the 19th century 1. Family Mode of Organization 2. Place of Marriage in Society 3. Marriage as a Privileged Status 4. The Marriage and Household System 5. Parental Families 6. Courtship 7. Becoming Husband and Wife 8. Sex, Pregnancy, and Childbearing
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The Family Institution prior to the 1800s The family was the fundamental institution providing meaning and structure to human relationships . Individuals were primarily experienced and structured within families rather than non-familial institutions . Marriage was viewed as the single most important event between birth and death.
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Marriage was based on love, companionship, and a deep bond between husband and wife. Marriage was the proper place for sex and childbearing was within the bounds of marriage. Social norms continued to discourage full sexual union before engagement and even marriage . Unmarried childbearing was both
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Marriage as a Privileged and Honorable Status Singlehood was viewed as both inferior to marriage and possessive of the potential for spiritual damnation. Singles were often perceived as immature adults and seen with disdain and suspicion.
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Marriage created the household , the primary locus of economic and cultural activities Most couples did not marry until they have arranged or built an independent economic or household unit. Parents influenced their children’s decisions about courtship and marriage, specially because they transferred the resources to their children that allowed for the
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Prior to the 1800s, : courtship as a way (“a marriagesway”) a process, towards to marriage. Courtship occurred primarily at the local level : unmarried people has plenty of opportunities to meet and interact with one another in church, at markets, at festivals, at dances, in work groups, in fields and farmsteads.
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Courtship involved spending time together in different settings, often at the woman’s residence. Parental oversight was expected but it provided young people considerable privacy and flexibility.
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Becoming Husband and Wife Prior to the 1800s, spiritual, religious, and community factors were important elements of marriage, but not in the form of a bureaucratically institutionalized church and state . The authority of marriage was not vested in church and state but in the couple themselves. The power to form a marital union remained in the words,
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Marriage as a Process : because “marriage was a long process involving exchange of vows, sexual activity, and the wedding, the betrothal gave some legitimacy to pre- wedding sex and pregnancy and at times cohabitation.” The vows were exchanged
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SOC+344+FAMILY+HISTORY+2+F+11 - Marriage and Family before...

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