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SOC+344+FAMILY+HISTORY+Lecture+1 - SOC 344 HISTORICAL...

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SOC 344 HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES ON MARRIAGE
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INTRODUCTION* The institution of marriage and family have their roots in the ancient history of many cultures and societies . The 18t and 19th century witnessed dramatic economic, social, demographic and family change , particularly the place of family life in the larger society, the content and authority of religious groups, and the *” Historical Perspectives on Marriage ” Arland Thornton, et. al. , Marriage and Cohabitatio
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19th Century
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Transformations A Century of Transformations : later in the 19th century, both fertility and infant mortality began to drop, large families were less necessary for survival, household income increased, and the period of marriage, family, and infancy significantly transformed.
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The newly emergent American family in the 19th century exhibited 4 main characteristics*: Marriage became a relationship based upon affection The primary role of the wife was the raising and caring of children Childhood as a distinct and valuable stage in a person’s life. The smaller size of the average family *Carl N. Degler. “The Emergence of the Modern Family”
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Marriage and Family before and after the 19th century 1. Family Mode of Organization 2. Place of Marriage in Society 3. Marriage as a Privileged Status 4. The Marriage and Household System 5. Parental Families 6. Courtship 7. Becoming Husband and Wife 8. Sex, Pregnancy, and Childbearing
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Family Organization Prior to the 1800s, the family was the fundamental institution providing meaning and structure to human relationships . Individuals were primarily experienced and structured within families rather than non- familial institutions . Most social activities were conducted within family contexts and with relatives. Marriage was viewed as the
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Marriage created the household . The primary residential units were usually composed of married couple who directed and organized family life and the caring of their children. Family units were the primary locus of economic and cultural activities : Protection, information, and the necessities of life were largely obtained through family members. The institution of marriage was
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After the 19th century, there was a shift in the social organization from its primary locus within families to a broader public arena that included many non-kinship organizations and relationships.
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