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SOC+344+WORK+and+HOUSEWORK_2_ - SOC 344 WORK HOUSEWORK...

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WORK & HOUSEWORK SOC 344
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Introduction How is housework shared, if at all, among couples who work? How is that choice made? What strategies are used to make such decision and to live with it? How family life is impacted by the “equal” or “unequal” division of household labor?
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Three Worlds Two-Parent families : may be more inclined to faced the issue of work and housework as central to the welfare of the relationship and the family. Single Parent Families : the issue of how housework is distributed among the partners is not relevant but it may be an issue how much of family shores are taken on by the children. Poor Families : such families are more concern about having a job, earning income, being able to provide basic necessities like health care, education, and nutrition.
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Earning Couples Single earner, two-person couples , one spouse, typically the wife, participates in the partner’s career behind the scenes without direct pay or recognition. Dual-earner couples are when both partners are employed outside the home. Seldom are these families affluent and usually only have a small amount of discretionary income or income remaining after basic expenses are paid. Dual career couples are when both partners work in professional or managerial position and usually earn above average incomes.
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Women in the Work Force More and more women who have infants will be in the paid labor force. In 2000, 55% of mothers with children <1 year old were in the labor force Down from 58% in 1998, but up from 31% in 1976 Proportion of working mothers highest in African Americans; lowest in Latinas
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Why Women and Men Have Multiple Jobs
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Household Labor and the Routine Reproduction of Gender” Scott Coltrane How the decision to share is made? Who does what around the house? What household “ideologies” justify or motivate such shared housework? How these divisions of labor influence their decision to have children? How do these decisions influence conceptions of self and others? How sharing housework may shape gender roles? How couples “do” gender behavior? How do they handle inconsistencies between their own views and those of people around them?
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Household Ideologies Child-centeredness : couples placed a high value on their children’s well being, defined parenting as an important undertaking, and organized most of their lives around their children.
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