Hist 207 01.17 - DeclineofCharterStates,12501400...

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Decline of Charter States, 1250-1400 17/01/2012 10:37:00 I. Indices of Decline II. Internal Theories A) Popular Exhaustion B) Political Devolution C) Ecological Exhaustion III. External Theories A) Climate B) Tai Pressures C) Trade Expansion Theravada Buddhism Angkor  Ayudhya, Dhndm Penh Pagan  Pegu At the same time as the Angkor and Padan disintegrates, Angkor is sacked by  the Thais in the mid-14 th  century The commercial martitime state Srivijaya faces commercial revolt; abandoned by  the 1370s North Viet (Dai Viet) also faces series of catastrophic revolts and invasions in the  1300s, and it too collapses in the 1390s First Change: All the charter states go down at the same time, like a row of  dominoes Second change: end to the old cultural order, and have new cultural system  gaining ground; in the island world, Islam replaces Buddhism and Hinduism; Islamic  writing and art, literature, gender role increasingly takes place; in the mainland:  Hinduism increasingly yields to Theravada Buddhism; Buddhism architecture replaces  Hinduism architecture (dramatic shift: whole temple inscription disappears   end of the  civilization) Third Change: new ethnic group emerges (Thais comes down to the Burma  14 th  century is Thai century in the SE Asia); shift in the political center of gravity from  interior to the coast; Padan displaced to the coastal kingdom of Pedu; Angkor used to  be in the mainland which goes to the coast; center gravity shifts from the interior of the  land to the coast These upheavals in the 13-14 th  century, is a more generalized orientation; maked  the end of the high middle ages; the Black Death kills 50% of population in Europe;  French Kingdom collapses in the 100 years year In China, the Song Dynasty falls to the Mongols; rampant disease that kills of 1/3  of population in China  prosperity ends in China
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Question: Why did these changes occur?? Internal Theories vs. External Theories
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course HISTORY 207 taught by Professor Victorlieberman during the Winter '12 term at University of Michigan.

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Hist 207 01.17 - DeclineofCharterStates,12501400...

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