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Dance Unit 2 Notes - 26 September 2011 Early Romantic...

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26 September 2011 Early Romantic Ballet Ballet dates back to 15 th century Art form of ballet owes its roots to Catherine Demadicci She was an Italian, and had a strong love for dance and went to France When she went to France she brought Italian dancers and intro’d court dances to the public Rule: elaborate costumes Greatly restricted a dancer’s movements Mostly poses Lasted for hours Performed and watched mainly by the noble King Louis the 14 th , 1661-established the Royal Academy of Dance (later became the Paris Opera-still present) First ballet was Pierre Bouchamp ot RAD Started the 5 positions of dance of ballet and started the turned-out position Turn out: legs were rotated outward (made much more efficient) 1 st positon: legs turned out (in a v-ish shape) w/ heels together 2 nd : take one leg out into a wider position (1.5 feet apart from each other) 3 rd : (not very often) heel of one foot comes to the instep of the other foot 4 th : 5 th : heel front feet is directly in front of the big toe of the other toe Percenium Stage was created at end of 16 th century: audience is separated from the performers and stage With this new development ballet took on a more serious term and more theatrical Set vocabulary of movements were developed Loco motor and Non-loco motor movements were developed Ballet technique required a dancer to practice for several hours per day Ballets were designed to show off the new technique 18 th century Technique not as important as the meaning/message of the performance Noverre: brought the importance of plot to ballet performances; his dances were very emotional Said that ballet had a stronger way of communicating 19 th century Romantic ballet: Used elements like love of nature, tranquility, emotion, power, violence Featured mythical creatures and places Featured the female dancer La Syllphid: choreographed in 1832 by Taglioni Gaselle: Coralli and Porrot choreographed; Carletta Grisi was the ballerina who is featured in it She dies from a broken heart and comes back to life to protect her lover
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All of the ballet steps are in French and remain the same more and less from country to country Major figures in ballet Romantic Era: Charles Didilo: changed the style of costumes for women and introduced point technique-dance on tippy toes Carlo Blasis: Royal Academy of Dance in Milan; method of dance shaped ballet Marie Taglioni (daughter of La Syllphid): since she had spine problem her arms would be a certain position and was later adapted into romantic ballet and intro’d the
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