Clciv 328 Notes Exam 2

Clciv 328 Notes Exam 2 - Clciv 328 Notes Exam 2 Lecture 12...

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Clciv 328 Notes Exam 2 Lecture 12 – Intro to Latin External History: Rome o City near mouth of the Tiber, founding date 753 B.C. o Palatine Hill already settled in 9 th century o Rome under Etruscan cultural domination or heavy influence for first couple centuries 1. Early Rome archaeologically indistinguishable from an Etruscan settlement 2. Traditional date of expulsion of last Etruscan king: 510 B.C o After early monarchy ended, Rome became a republic o Territory slowly expands within central and southern Italy o Defeat by Gauls in 390 B.C gave Romans a paranoia that they never recovered from o Big expansion in 3 rd and 2 nd cents. BC after successive defeats of Carthage (Punic Wars) o Internal strife and civil war in 1 st cent. Leads to downfall of Republic and rise of a new monarchy, the Roman empire o Most of surviving Latin literature doesn’t start until near the tail end of the Republic o First Roman emperor: Augustus (Octavian) 1. 27 B.C – A.D. 14, longest reign 2. Greatest expanse of territory in early 3nd cent. BC under Trajan (died 117) Actually under Septimius Severus (3 rd cent. A.D.) it got even bigger for a little while with eastern border along the Tigris River in Mesopotamia o Slow “decline” until eventual ‘fall’ in 476 THE EMPIRE Latin: The basic facts o Language of Rome and nearby aras o An Indo-European Language just like Hittite o Modern Romance languages are what it morphed into o Earliest documentation: 7 th cent. B.C or so Perhaps the earliest Latin: Praenestine fibula Periodization of literary Latin o Archaic Latin: up until around 100 B.C o Classical Latin: up until death of emperor/philosopher Marcus Aurelius (180 A.D) 1. Various subdivisions : Ciceronian, “Golden Age”, and “Silver Age” 2. Early (up till Augustus): Cicero, Caesar, Catullus, Lucretius 3. Golden (Agustan): Vergil, Horace, Ovid, Livy 4. Silver (post-Augustan): Pliny, Seneca, Petronius, Tacitus, Suetonius
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course CLCIV 328 taught by Professor Benfortson during the Fall '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Clciv 328 Notes Exam 2 - Clciv 328 Notes Exam 2 Lecture 12...

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