W5 Globalization - Understanding Globalization (GEK 1041)...

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Understanding Globalization Understanding Globalization (GEK 1041) (GEK 1041) TOYOTA Mika 豊豊豊豊 Department of Sociology
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Key Questions Key Questions Global cities How are ‘global cities’ different from ‘international cities’ or simply ‘big cities’? Why are particular cities so important in the era of globalization when people can communicate anywhere in the world?
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Structure of the lecture Structure of the lecture Characteristics of cities in general World city Global city Comparison: World city vs. Global city Questions: are world cities and global cities simply “sized up” cities?
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What are the characteristics of What are the characteristics of cities? cities? Internal: Heterogeneity External: Influence over the surrounding region Greater economic opportunities Attract migrants Administrative centers for various organizations Linking to other cities elsewhere in other parts of the region/nation
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Cities and hinterlands Cities and hinterlands Cities are not autonomous social entities, isolated from their geographic and social surroundings (i.e. their ‘hinterlands’) Cities emerge within, and are sustained by their connections with their respective hinterlands.
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W W orld City orld City originates from the world system theory originates from the world system theory ‘Geographical hierarchy of world ‘Geographical hierarchy of world economy: ‘Core’ – ‘Periphery’ economy: ‘Core’ – ‘Periphery’ A ‘core’ area where wealth is relatively concentrated A ‘periphery’ of relative disadvantage in terms of wealth and global political power A ‘semi-periphery’ lying between the core and periphery
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World city” World city” Core World Cities: Primary: London, Paris, Rotterdam, Frankfurt, Zurich, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Tokyo Periphery World Cities: Primary: Sao Paulo, Singapore Friedmann (1986)
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World cities: associated with new World cities: associated with new international division of labour international division of labour TNCs are the main agents in the new
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W5 Globalization - Understanding Globalization (GEK 1041)...

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