W6 Globalization - Understanding Globalization...

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Unformatted text preview: Understanding Globalization Understanding Globalization (GEK 1041) (GEK 1041) TOYOTA Mika 豊豊豊豊 Department of Sociology Key Questions Key Questions Global value chain How are ethnic/gender/class segregations manifested in the process of globalization? How is global care chain similar to and different from global commodity chain? Structure of the lecture Structure of the lecture Global commodity chain Global value chain Global care chain “ “ Global commodity chains Global commodity chains ” ” This brings together the idea of value- adding chains and the idea of global organization of industries. These chains represent the process of ever-finer specialization and geographic fragmentation of production, with the more labor- intensive portions transferred to developing countries. Two types of global Two types of global commodity chains commodity chains buyer-driven chains v.s. producer- driven chains Producer driven (e.g. Toyota) buyer-driven chains (e.g. Wal-Mart) -- play an increasing role in determining what industries produce and how much they produce “ “ Global commodity chains Global commodity chains ” ” buyer-driven chains : the powerful role that large retailers (e.g. Wal-Mart, Nike) have come to play in the governance of global production and distribution. They have power to specify what, how, when, where, and by whom the goods they sell are produced....
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W6 Globalization - Understanding Globalization...

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