Axia College Material Appendix F Autism and Mental Retardation Respond to the following: 1. List the primary features of autism. The primary features of autism include a lack of responsiveness and language and communication problems. Also displayed are limited imaginative play and very repetitive and rigid behavior. 2. Which explanation for autism is no longer considered valid and lacks research support? The explanation that the vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella caused autism is no longer valid because it was later proved to be a fallacy. 3. What forms of treatment are helpful for a person with autism? The treatments include behavioral therapy, communication training, parent training, and community integration. In addition, psychotropic drugs and certain vitamins have sometimes helped when combined with other approaches 4. List the criteria for a diagnosis of mental retardation: According to DSM-IV, people should receive a diagnosis of mental retardation when they
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