Phobias and Addictions - Phobias and Addictions 1 Phobias...

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Phobias and Addictions 1 Phobias and Addictions Sabrina Armstrong PSY/300 Laurel Taron November 7 th , 2011
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Phobias and Addictions 2 Phobias and Addictions A phobia is an intense fear of something that, in reality, poses little or no actual danger. Common phobias and fears include closed-in places, heights, highway driving, flying insects, snakes, and needles. However, we can develop phobias of virtually anything. Most phobias develop in childhood, but they can also develop in adults as well (M. Smith, M.A., R. Segal, M.A., J. Segal, Ph.D., para 2, 2001-2011). Many people with anxiety disorders do all they can to avoid situations, objects and environments they fear. A phobic disorder affects a person’s lifestyle, functioning and his or her interaction with the society. A phobia is an intense, irrational and disproportionate reaction to fear of a specific object or situation. In phobic disorders, the fear overtakes any reasonable perception of danger. Generally, people with phobic disorders recognize that their fears are excessive, unreasonable and abnormal. To put this concept in prospective, people with a flying phobia, for example, could become fearful even when they are flying across clear skies, in a short flight, on a sunny day and in relatively safe conditions. Phobias could also encompass fears of ordinary events in life, such as driving over a bridge or taking an elevator, and often interfere with daily tasks.   The statistical and diagnostic manual of mental disorders recognizes three phobic disorders: specific phobia, social phobia, and agoraphobia. Specific phobias are a constant, extreme fear of a specific object or situation. The person experiences high levels of fear when encountering the phobic object, which produces the necessity to avoid or evade the feared situation. Specific phobias are usually generated during childhood; these phobias are part of the most common psychological disorders, affecting about 9% of the general population at certain point in their lives. Specific phobias are likely to continue for years unless treated, and according to psychological studies, women are twice likely to develop them. People with specific phobias
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Phobias and Addictions - Phobias and Addictions 1 Phobias...

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