CRISIS OF 14th CENTURY LECTURE

CRISIS OF 14th CENTURY LECTURE - CRISIS OF 14th CENTURY...

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CRISIS OF 14 th CENTURY LECTURE 4 crisis’ Crisis of Feudalism - whole reason medieval society is structured no longer makes sense Economic and Demographic Crisis - ton of dead people Crisis of the Church - Church has internal problems which creates uncertainty Intellectual Crisis - the way people view the world begins to shift Feudalism in trouble - vassals are deciding they don’t want to go to war anymore, instead of going to war you would pay a fee King John (1199-1216) Modification of Scuttage – fee you pay to get out of war (king hires other warriors) Emergence of Parliament - king has to discuss with the nobility, nobility doesn’t want to fight Magna Carta (1215) - great Charter, John agrees he can’t declare war just to get vassals money WE NOW HAVE THE CHURCH THE KING AND THE NOBILITY TRYING TO GOVERN EUROPE Feudalism in Trouble Hundred Years War - between England and France, this pushes feudalism over edge, war to figure out who governs Death of Charles IV of France and the end of the Capetian kings of France - who governs France now? Salic Law - law French use to decide who their king is, controversy whether power can be passed through the females heir Battle of Crecy (1346) - technology has changed, another military
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