EXPLORATION - EXPLORATION SCIENCE AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT The...

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EXPLORATION, SCIENCE, AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT The Iberian “Golden Age” – Spain and portugal Motivation Geography Shift in trade routes New naval technology - Europeans begin to build stronger ships Compass -allows navigators to figure out where they are and how to get back Religion -- Social – social scientists believe there will be another plague Growth of population Political motivations—political competition, you can’t fall behind The Iberian “Golden Age” Continued Division of the New World Inter Caetera (The Bull of Demarcation (1493) - Pope says they are going to divide it at the 38 longitude line, spain gets left side Portugal gets the right Pope Alexander VI Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) The Spanish empire Columbus First Settlements in West Indies Cuba, Hispaniola Conquistadors War with the Aztecs —Spanish move onto mainland into Mexico but find people already settling there (Aztecs) Hernando Cortes (1485-1574) —makes deals with the tribes the Aztecs conquered to take down the Aztecs, Cortes takes over the Aztec empire Northern European Exploration
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EXPLORATION - EXPLORATION SCIENCE AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT The...

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