GOV Exam #1 - GOV Exam #1 3/5th compromise o Constitutional...

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GOV Exam #1 3/5th compromise o Constitutional Compromise between the northern and southern states to count slaves as 3/5ths of a person for population counts (HoR delegates) Amendment Process and Use o Proposal National constitutional convention requested by 2 / 3 of State Legislatures vote by 2 / 3 of both houses of congress o Ratification Vote by ¾ of state legislatures special ratifying convention for ¾ of each state American federalism o McCulloch v. Maryland : fed govt can do what is necessary and proper o Nullification: states can’t just disobey Natl. Govt o Preemption: states can not act in a manner that natl govt has already spoken on o Centralists and Decentralists (devolution) o Federal government grows A LOT during New Deal Expanded govt funded programs Anti-Federalist o Persons not in favor of ratifying the Constitution o Opposed to strong central govt. Articles of Confederation o First Constitutional Convention o Formed a loose association of states o Very weak national govt. o States acted almost as individual countries o Pros o There is a central government o Center Govt. could make war or peace o First organized agreement between the states ‘league of friendship’ o Cons power, taxes, commerce, chief executive, money Couldn’t force states to ‘play nice’ with each other (commercial warfare) Bill of Rights o First 10 amendments to the constitution o Ensures protection of some individual rights
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o Important to add for some of the states to ratify the constitution Make sure that strong central govt. didn’t become tyrannical Block grants o Grants given from national govt. to states for general purposes o Few restrictions Departmental money Education, transportation, etc. Blue collar Worker o Member of the working class who performs manual labor and earns an hourly wage. o Avg. worker in the 1940’s (Industrial Revolution) o Ex. manufacturing Capitalism o An economic system based on private ownership and the existence of markets to coordinate most economic activity o Economic power often relates to political power Categorical grants o Grants given to states by national govt. o Have specific requirements, conditions, and/or regulations on how the money is to be spent Checks and balances o A system of establishing each branch of govt. with its own independent power but with a limited ability to “check”/restrain the power of other branches Legislative May start investigations, especially against the executive branch Often appoints the heads of the executive branch Confirms / sometimes appoints judges Executive Sometimes may veto laws Often appoints judges Judicial Determines whether a law is unconstitutional Charges and tries president Civil War Amendments o 13 th : Abolished Slavery o 14 th : due process clause;; equal protection clause incorporation doctrine
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makes the first ten amendments to the Constitution—known as the
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GOV Exam #1 - GOV Exam #1 3/5th compromise o Constitutional...

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