This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: http://guidesbyjulie.blogspot.com/ APUSH Chapter Two: The Planting of English America Protestant Reformation: Protestant Reformation: Protestant Reformation: Protestant Reformation: King Henry VIII broke with the Roman Catholic Church in the 1530s, launching the Reformation. After Elizabeth ascended to the throne in 1558, Protestantism became dominant. Englands rivalry with Catholic Spain intensified. Elizabethan Compromise Elizabethan Compromise Elizabethan Compromise Elizabethan Compromise: Once Elizabeth became Queen, she undid the Catholicism under Mary. Act of Supremacy: made Elizabeth the Supreme Governor of the Church in England and bound the clergy to an oath of loyalty. Act of Uniformity: made wording of Communion vague so that Protestants and Catholics could participate, mandated use of Anglican prayer books, kept ornaments of the Catholic Church English Sea Dogs English Sea Dogs English Sea Dogs English Sea Dogs: English buccaneers took over shipping lanes, with the goals of promoting Protestantism by interrupting Spanish treasure ships and raiding Spanish settlements. Francis Drake returned in 1580, netting profits of 4600% to his financial backers. Elizabeth knighted him for his success. Lost Colony Lost Colony Lost Colony Lost Colony-Roanoke Roanoke Roanoke Roanoke: Newfoundland was first attempt at English colonization, led by Sir Humphrey Gilbert, who died in 1583. Inspired his half-brother Sir Walter Raleigh to organize expedition on North Carolinas Roanoke Island, off coast of Virginia. Mysteriously disappeared, never heard from again. Spanish Armada Spanish Armada Spanish Armada Spanish Armada: King Philip II of Spain used New World profits to amass an Invincible Armada to invade England. Spanish flotilla of 130 entered English Channel and were subsequently outmaneuvered by the English sea dogs. The Protestant Wind then scattered the rest of the fleet. Defeat of Spanish Armada marked the end of Spanish imperial designs. Enclosure Movement Enclosure Movement Enclosure Movement Enclosure Movement: Population growing exponentially, from 3 million people in 1550 to about 4 million in 1600. Landlords were enclosing croplands for sheep grazing, forcing small farmers off the land. This mobile population was encouraged to leave for the New World. http://guidesbyjulie.blogspot.com/ APUSH Chapter Two: The Planting of English America Primogeniture Primogeniture Primogeniture Primogeniture: Only eldest sons were eligible to inherit landed estates, while landholders ambitious younger sons were forced to seek fortunes elsewhere. Lone-wolf enterprises were usually unsuccessful....
View Full Document
- Spring '08
- AP US History