Med Term - 8/26 Rod of Asclepius vs. the Caduceus of Hermes...

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8/26 Rod of Asclepius vs. the Caduceus of Hermes Writing on rod is an aphorism, a wise saying, brief. “Life is short, the art long opportunity fleeting” bio- life brachy- short techno- technique, artisan macro- big oxy- sharp, acute eponyms Greek and Roman Proteus Hippocrates was father of medicine o Greek origins of medical terms Hippocrates Corpus – around 60 books, 5 th -4 th century BC Iatros, physician, doctor o NB (Nota Bene well noted)- iatro= relationship to medicine or a physician, iatro means healer o The Alexandrians (Hellenistic Period 323 BC- 146 BC) Eraiastratus Herophilus o Galen (2 nd AD) Wrote more than anyone else, wrote about a wide variety of subjects Latin Origins Roman conquest of Greek land (146 BC) o Celsus, De medicina (On medicine) o Latinization of terms o New terms- cerebrum vs. encephalon (Latin vs Greek) Preservation and Expansion of Greek Medicine during the Medieval period o Byzatine empire Compendia and epitomes- shortened version of longer texts o Medival Islamic/Arabid Medicine L. dura mater- “thick mother of the brain” Medieval Latin Wrst Renaissance to Modern Latin o Latin Humanists o Common language of western academics o 20 th century usage anglicized artery vein hybridization
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phlebography vs venography standardization Test COmpenents o 3 components root- foundation or sujcet eensin nran to term suffix prefix- add to bingging for nar o Combining vowels a votle, usul=al A vowel, usually an O, is used ti join a root to another root suffix: sacreomorer The latter I is the second most common The root plural its combining vowel to forms “combining for,? o Term Components Hyper- prefix Lip- root emia- suffix o rules for constructing terms a combining vowel is use to join a root to root as well as a prefix beginning a combining vowel is not used before a suffix that begins with a vowel if the root ends in a vowel and the suffix ends in same vowel, drop the final vowel from root and do not use a combining vowel if a root ends in a vowel and the suffix begins with another vowel, then what? Most often, combining a vowel is inserted between two roots even when the second root begins with a vowel When a prefix ends in a vowel and the root begins with a vowel, the final vowel is usually retained with the prefix or a hyphen is added Peri+oro+al= perioral o Word structure Analysis Cardiac Cardiology Combining form and suffix Pericarditus Prefix, root, suffix Pericardiectomy Prefix, root, suffix Things to be aware of when analyzing a term: Basic Term Components Peri-oste/o –ectomy = periocstectomy Suffix in pancytopenia means abnormal penia=suffix
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Part of speech: parenteral? Adjective “the downward displacement of the topmost part of liver” = acrohepatoptosis o acro=top o hippato=liver o
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course CH 101 taught by Professor Sutcliffe during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Med Term - 8/26 Rod of Asclepius vs. the Caduceus of Hermes...

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