EXAM 1 REVIEW
GRG-305, This Human World
Note: this is a partial list; topics not on this list may be on the exam
Human geography is one half of the discipline of geography, if it is cut up on the basis of
Geography need not be cut up on the basis of topics (the topical approach), it can also be cut up on
the basis of
(the regional approach)
To some extent, this class will use both approaches, which is a bit of a variation on my
Geographers also use a range of special
techniques, skills, and tools that
form their own sub-
specialization within the discipline (e.g. cartography, GIS, remote sensing, geodetics, etc.)
You will be acquainted with thematic mapping and cognitive mapping in this course
Culture- A total way of life held in common by a group of people, including such learned features as
ideology, behavior, livelihood, technology, and government; or
the local, customary way of doing things – a way of life; an ever-
changing process in which a group is actively engaged; a dynamic mix
of symbols, beliefs speech, and practices.
An area occupied by people who have something in common culturally; or a spatial unit
that functions politically, socially, or economically as a distinct entity.
a culture complex is a closely related set of culture traits
An increase in the spatial extent of a particular culture trait or culture complex
either through movement of people through space (migration) or
through the adoption of a culture trait by other groups.
Barrier to diffusion-
Different languages, different religions, lacking necessary infrastructure
Receptivity to diffusion-
same language, same religion, necessary infrastructure.
The spread of an innovation or other element of culture that occurs with the
bodily relocation of an individual or group that has the idea.
The spread of innovation within an area in a snowballing process, so that the
total number of knowers becomes great and the area of occurrence
A type of expansion diffusion in which cultural innovation spreads by person-to-
person contact, moving wavelike though an area and population
without regard to social status.
A type of expansion diffusion in which innovations spread from one important
person to another or from one urban center to another, temporarily
bypassing other persons or rural areas.
A type of expansion diffusion in which a specific trait fails to spread but the
underlying idea or concept is accepted.