Lecture 2 Minerals. Chemistry

Lecture 2 Minerals. Chemistry - Review of Last Lecture...

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1 1 Review of Last Lecture Geology definition: science related to composition, structure, history of earth Environmental Geology definition: applied geology Fundamental Concepts in Environmental Geology 1. Human Population Growth (#1!!!) 2. Sustainability 3. Systems and Change 4. Hazardous Natural Earth Processes, Risk Assessment and Perception 5. Scientific Knowledge and Values 2 Lecture 2: Chemistry of Minerals • The many colors of Quartz • Colorless • Amethyst • Smoky • Citrine 3 Lecture 2: Chemistry of Minerals Objectives of Lecture 2: Some basic chemistry regarding atoms and bonding To learn what minerals are Mineral properties: differences and why Common mineral families Introduction to major rock types How they form. .. next lecture l Chemistry and minerals in a nut shell z
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4 Lecture 2: Chemistry of Minerals The States of Matter: Solid - rigid, retains shape Liquid - flows easily, conforms to shape, constant volume Gas - flows easily, conforms to shape, changes volume to fill space 5 Lecture 2: Chemistry of Minerals Atoms very small particles < 0.00000001 cm in diameter they are the smallest particle that retains all the characteristics of an element Elements atoms with different chemical characteristics can ` t be broken down by simple means basic building blocks of minerals over 100 are known (92 naturally occurring) A very little bit about chemistry 6 Lecture 2: Chemistry of Minerals Atomic structure Central region called the NUCLEUS Protons (positive charge) Neutrons (neutral or no charge) majority of the mass is in the nucleus ELECTRONS Negatively charged particles
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Lecture 2 Minerals. Chemistry - Review of Last Lecture...

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