Nov 3 - Conservatism 1 Summary

Nov 3 - Conservatism 1 Summary - Summary of Politics 1020E...

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1 Summary of Politics 1020E Lecture: Liberalism (conclusion) and Conservatism, Part One (November 3, 2011) The seventeenth lecture begins with T.H. Green, who argues that the state can promote individual freedom and equal opportunity. He distinguishes between (1) negative freedom, or absence of restraint, and (2) positive freedom: the actual ability to do something worth doing. State legislation and regulation can overcome obstacles to freedom such as poverty, ignorance, prejudice, and sickness. We revisit the late twentieth-century debate between two American liberal political theorists, John Rawls and Robert Nozick. Rawls’s liberal egalitarianism combines a priority for basic liberties with a concern for fair equality of opportunity and his famous difference principle, which requires social and economic inequalities to benefit the worst off. Nozick’s liberalism, on the other hand, defends only a minimal state, which protects individual rights and ‘capitalist acts between consenting adults’. Nozick affirms the
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Nov 3 - Conservatism 1 Summary - Summary of Politics 1020E...

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