Nov 15 - Socialism 2 Summary

Nov 15 - Socialism 2 Summary - Summary of Politics 1020E...

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1 Summary of Politics 1020E Lecture: Socialism, Part Two (November 15, 2011) The twentieth lecture starts with Karl Marx on religion and alienation. Marx agrees with the neo-Hegelian critique of religion. He follows Ludwig Feuerbach in claiming that God is a human creation; He is created in our image. We alienate or estrange our own capacities for knowledge, power, and goodness onto a being (God) who possesses them in perfect form. For Marx, however, it is important to emphasize the reason for religion’s influence, given its evident falsity. Religion is a response to human suffering and poverty: it is “the opium of the people.” Opium is a pain-killer that also produces euphoria, but it prevents a person from flourishing. Religion is like opium in all these ways. To be alienated is to have one’s essence detached from one’s everyday existence. Under capitalism, human beings are detached from what it is that makes them essentially human, namely, the capacity to produce freely and
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Nov 15 - Socialism 2 Summary - Summary of Politics 1020E...

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