Unformatted text preview: “sucker” (to use the phrase coined by modern-day rational choice theorists). John Locke’s (1632-1704) state of nature is initially a state of peace characterized by equality, a law of nature, and natural liberty. But it is important to recognize that Locke’s understanding of these ideas is very different from Hobbes’s. For Locke, each person possesses the executive power of the law of nature, but “inconveniences” eventually develop. So individuals find themselves in a state of war from which a state can protect them. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) has a distinctive view of human nature, characterized by a desire for self-preservation and a capacity for pity at the sight of others’ suffering. Natural savages are very different from corrupted human beings in so-called “civilized” modern societies....
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course POLISCI 1020E taught by Professor Charlesjones during the Fall '11 term at UWO.
- Fall '11
- Political Science