Sep 22 - Pol Obligation Part 1 Summary

Sep 22 - Pol Obligation Part 1 Summary - Summary of...

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1 Summary of Politics 1020E Lecture 5: Rousseau’s State of Nature; Political Obligation, Part One (September 22, 2011) The fifth lecture continues the discussion of Rousseau’s state of nature, outlines the anarchist response to the various statist arguments of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, and then discusses some approaches to justifying political obligation, specifically the social contract tradition. According to Rousseau, the solitary natural man initially has few desires, but his free will and capacity for self-improvement generate a range of developments from tool-making to language to agriculture that develop social emotions and eventually private property and inequality. The rich figure out, at this stage, that it would be to their benefit to create a state with impartial legal enforcement as a means to securing their wealth against possible attack from the poor. Anarchists believe that state coercion is unjustified and that we would be better off without it. Hobbes would reply that it takes only a few bad apples
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