Sep 13 - Politics Summary

Sep 13 - Politics Summary - views reach binding decisions...

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1 Summary of Politics 1020E Lecture 2: Politics, Power & Authority (September 13, 2011) The second lecture addresses several key ideas: politics, government, the state, power, and authority. We discuss different examples of political phenomena, such as demonstrations, elections, legislation, and policy-making. Jones argues that politics is more or less inevitable and that it touches each of us deeply, whether we know it or not. The example of Hispaniola – the island comprising Haiti and the Dominican Republic – is employed to argue that political decisions can have important and lasting consequences for people and their natural environment. We mention several meanings of the term ‘politics’, including the idea that politics answers the questions ‘Who gets what, when, and how?’ This is illustrated by a discussion of the ways these questions are answered for chimpanzees and bonobos. A definition of politics is offered: politics is a social process or activity in which individuals or groups with conflicting interests or
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Unformatted text preview: views reach binding decisions about what to do; these decisions are then enforced against those who disobey. Politics combines conflict and cooperation. It is found in many spheres of life, not only at the level of the state. Government is the activity of exercising authority over others. Jones discusses Aristotles classification of six forms of government. (See Terence Ball and Richard Dagger, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, 22, for a chart.) The last half of the lecture discusses the state, power, and authority. The state is a territorial, sovereign community. Authority is legitimate power. Power itself, most simply, is the ability to produce results. It can take many forms, including coercion, influence, and manipulation. Hard power is distinguished from soft power. Hard power includes the stick and the carrot, while soft power is attraction, or getting others to want what you want....
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course POLISCI 1020E taught by Professor Charlesjones during the Fall '11 term at UWO.

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