midterm.docx - 1 Identify and Describe Broken Windows Theory and how it can be used to reduce crime Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the theory

midterm.docx - 1 Identify and Describe Broken Windows...

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1. Identify and Describe Broken Windows Theory and how it can be used to reduce crime. Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the theory. Of the weaknesses you've identified above, explain what you consider to be the main criticism of the Broken Windows theory and why. The Broken Windows theory is a theory that was developed in the mid 1970’s. This theory states that if there are areas within city limits that have buildings that are not taken care of, abandoned, broken and run down there is a higher probability of having more/increased crime rates. This theory was made in efforts to have police become more proactive on their watch during their shift. The program started out as the “Safe and Clean Neighborhoods Program, which was designed to improve the quality of community life in twenty-eight cities” (Kelling, 1982). They were trying to help clean up these cities/neighborhoods and get the police/law enforcement presence up and more involved. The hopes of this theory were that the police officers would patrol these areas more often and their presence would result in lower crime rates. This would get the police departments and other law enforcement entities more directly involved with the communities that they worked in, thus making the community policing relationship stronger. The police departments had their officers start getting out of their patrol cars an conducting more walking patrols, thinking that this would deter the criminals from committing a crime however, this did not decrease the crime rates. It did make the citizens feel more secure. A study was conducted after this theory came out to see what would happen if the areas which were run down, were fixed up and made more presentable. If that would change the crime in the areas. Two individuals by the names of John MacDonald a Penn criminologist and Charles Branas, the chair of epidemiology at Columbia University decided to do a research experiment. Philadelphia Horticultural Society or PHS gave them data and offered help. “Crime rates on blocks with open abandoned buildings were twice as high as rates on matched blocks without open buildings” (Klineberg, 2018). After the buildings were fixed, there was still crime but not in those areas which gave criminals open, easily accessible areas. The some of the strengths of this theory are the police become more involved in their communities. It makes the police officers become more proactive with their daily duties. It will bring more awareness to the police officers of the areas which they patrol and the communities, what their quality of life is in those areas. It can establish relationships that can help the law enforcement entities out. This also made the police department start policing with a problem-
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