Philosophy171Final

Philosophy171Final - Philosophy 171 Final Study Guide:...

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Philosophy 171 Final Study Guide: Transformation in the News Media: - All media outlets except radio and ethnic press have dropped in popularity over the last 25 years o Major reason: economics News Reporting: - Supposed to be objective not subjective - Supposed to be separated from analysis and in-depth reporting Power of the People: - Mass media tends to promote what people are interested in, not necessarily the extremely important events o Responds to the short attention spans of listeners Power of Advertisers: - Advertising revenue= most important source of revenue for most media sources - Media caters to advertisers by suppressing news that reflects badly on them or their products Power of Big Business: Corporate power affects news in two ways: Getting favorable viewpoints reported, and preventing conflicting viewpoints from being reported or stressed - News and opinion in the mass media tend to be skewed to the interests of the rich rather than ordinary people - In economic downturns, the media turns their attention to ordinary people
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Power of Government: - Gov. has the right and power to regulate business activity - Gov. has ways of restricting the freedom of the press: o Administrations can, and often d suppress information that does not conform to their agenda o Gov. can censor material alleged to be obscene o Can also manipulate the news by leaking news to only those reporters who play ball in return o Gov. sources who leak information to the media can be concealed o Gov. can manage the news by issuing prepackaged reports slipped into the 90-second slots in local news o Military and state department conduct various kinds of information warfare The unusual is news, the everyday is not: - What happens every day is more important than the unusual News Reporting is supposed be objective, not subjective - Also supposed to be separated from analysis and in-depth reporting Opinions of the Right Authorities take Precedence - Challenge: experts can be found on all sides of every issue - Personal interest can conflict with public duty Self-Censorship: - Media censorship has to do with the power audiences have to switch channels or to not buy a paper
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- Media used to be more constrained in reporting the private lives of public figures Further Challenges: - News gathering methods are designed to save money - Mass media tends to take our attention away from important day-to-day occurrences to “breaking news” Notes: - Public Broadcasting Service is the best everyday news source - National Public Radio does a better job of presenting news and analysis than any television channel Analogical Arguments: - Arguments based on comparison o X1s have features F1, F2, F3… and FN o X2s also have features F1, F2, F3… o Therefore, X2s probably have features FN Example: 1.Chickens, turkeys, pheasants, and cattle are all animals and they are all eaten by humans. 2.Chickens, turkeys, and pheasants are all born from eggs.
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This note was uploaded on 01/21/2012 for the course PHI 171 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Syracuse.

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Philosophy171Final - Philosophy 171 Final Study Guide:...

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