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Religion 108 final review

Religion 108 final review - Religion 108 Jewish Writing...

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Religion 108- Jewish Writing Jewish Historical Overview Main Questions/Topics: A general survey of Jewish history and geography Background text: “Judaism: A Historical Overview” by Cowling The Aftermath of the Exile (539-333 BCE)- during this time of a dominant Persian empire, the religion of Judaism consolidated and developed The Hebrew Bible Main Questions/Topics: How was the Hebrew Bible structured? What kinds/genres of writings does it contain? Background texts: “Introduction: There’s More than One Way to Read a Bible” by Rabin The Bible was written 2200 to 3000 years ago and is the cornerstone for the major monotheistic religions- Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Sola Scriptura- established by Martin Luther, the principle that the Bible should be read and explained by itself alone, with no other contexts or ideas The Bible is a book of self-help, geography, science, law, history, poetry, fiction, religion Jews organize the Bible into three sections of TaNaKh- Torah (5 Books of Moses, Pentateuch), Nevi’I'm (the Prophets), and Ketuvim (the Writings) Christians simply complied it as a whole “Old Testament” and re-ordered it with historical books first, then miscellaneous writings, and prophets last since they were seen as predicting Jesus the messiah ; also the historical books (Torah to Jews) are divided into Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy “Introductions to Torah, Nevi’I'm and Ketuvim” by Brettler The word “Torah” is often defined as Law, which is the primary genre and purpose of the Pentateuch books Documentary Hypothesis was created in the 1800’s and contradicts the religious view that the Torah was dictated by God and transcribed by Moses; it says the Torah is composed of 4 ancient sources compiled together during the Babylonian exile (586-538 BCE) or the following Persian period Nevi’I'm is comprised of the 8 books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve Minor Prophets; they are all called Prophets as a unit even though the first 4 are actually historical books and only the last 4 are writings or sayings of prophets who lived during the 9-6 centuries BCE Ketuvim has miscellaneous materials including historical works, poetry and prayers, and apocalyptic prophecies by unknown authorships “History in the Bible” by Rabin Genesis contains the 7 days of creation, Cain and Abel, Noah, the Flood, Babel, then the creation of Judaism with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph (much more realistic characters with actual geographical locations and historical years, plus family chronologies) The primeval history up to Babel is usually considered by scholars to be myths derived from other culture’s stories; there is also no historical evidence other than the Bible to prove the existence of the patriarchs and there are many false or anachronistic details in Genesis Exodus begins with Joseph and his family moving to Egypt and prospering, eventually being enslaved by
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