education final study guide

education final study guide - Education in America Final...

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Education in America Final Study Guide What is education? Education- sum total of all the experiences that an individual has from conception to death (begins with conception rather than birth because a number of events affect the baby in uterus) This definition includes cognitive (thinking), affective (feeling), psychomotor (moving), and social (relating) experiences; schools usually only provide cognitive experiences, and are generally lacking in psychomotor or condone inappropriate affective and social experiences The quality of an individual’s education (his experiences) depends almost exclusively upon the wealth of his parents Prenatal and neonatal care The basic source of problems in the high school is the nation’s pattern of prenatal and natal care and the condition of many families/homes If a mother smokes, consumes alcohol, uses drugs, eats an improper diet, and fails to receive appropriate medical care studies show it will significantly affect the child’s performance in high school An underweight baby is 50 times more likely to have a learning disability than a healthy baby, and 28 industrialized countries have less underweight babies than the US Researchers on early childhood development report than stimuli during the first years of life cause the brain to grow and determine how intelligent the child will be for the rest of its life; more learning takes place between birth and age six than in the rest of life One-third of urban children live below the poverty level and poor children perform at levels significantly lower than non-poor children; those who wish to improve high schools must support programs eliminating poverty Providing full-term prenatal and neonatal care will be expensive but intervention is much more expensive than prevention; each year’s class of high school dropouts costs the US 296 billion in lost productivity and foregone taxes, as well as the welfare they usually end up on Education- birth to kindergarten- extraordinarily important Perry Preschool Project- 123 subjects aged 3 and 4, all high-risk children born in poverty, were randomly divided into 2 groups. The first “preschoolers” received a stimulating preschool program stressing active learning, the “no-preschoolers” did not. At age 27, the “no-preschoolers” were five times more likely to have been arrested more than 5 times, more than 3 times more likely to be arrested for drug dealing, almost twice as likely to be on welfare, and almost twice as likely to have had children out of wedlock. The “preschoolers” were more than 3 times more likely to be earning more than 2000 a month, 3 times as likely to own a home, almost twice as likely to have completed high school, and had higher average achievement scores and literacy scores. Abecedarian study- conducted by UNC Child Development Center in 1999; concluded
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education final study guide - Education in America Final...

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