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March 16 notes

March 16 notes - Gender Play Chapter 4-6 Holly Beilin March...

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Holly Beilin Gender Play Chapter 4-6 March 16 1. How is gender separation related to age? As children grow older they tend to separate more and more by gender, with the amount of gender separation peeking in early adolescence This may be rooted in processes of individual development, major shifts of setting, and culturally organized transitions Girls and boys closer in age are more likely to be seen by peers as potential romantic partners, making them vulnerable to the heterosexual teasing that pushes the genders apart 2. When is gender separation more likely? How do teasing and witnessed choice relate? What impact can adults have upon gender separation? Gender separation is more likely in crowded settings (schools) where sufficient numbers of potential playmates from the “right” categories are available; crowds also offer more potential witnesses that readily offer social evaluation (possibly teasing) Teasing always has a target and witnesses, and evokes feelings of discomfort and humiliation; it makes cross-gendered interaction risky, increases social distance between girls and boys, and marks gender boundaries When groups are constructed through acts of witnessed choice boys and girls tend to avoid one another and thus avoid teasing, but when groups are constituted by other means such as convenience or teacher authority gender differences are less important Adults more often mix than separate boys and girls and exert much more control over classrooms than playgrounds, explaining the difference in gender separations; teachers often intervene or establish rules to keep interaction more open and lessen gender differences; adult presence also limits the possibility of teasing and alters power dynamics 3. What are the three major explanations that explain why children either prefer to be with the same gender and/or want to avoid the other gender? How do they explain this phenomenon? What
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