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Unformatted text preview: ISL Chapter 3: Symbols and the Creation of Reality January 20 Evolution: • Unlike other animals, humans do not live directly in a state of nature or see reality plainly as it is; instead human perception constantly is creating and re-creating images and symbols • When processing information or sensations, our brains act like symbolic transformers, changing virtually everything passing through them into a stream of symbols • This allows humans to have a constructive rather than passive relationship to our environment; we transform and interpret all stimuli before interacting with it Sensation: • If we took in and processed all the sensations we are experiencing at any one moment, we would be overwhelmed; perception involves interpreting which sensations are important • When any of the 5 senses are stimulated, receptors send a message to the brain which processes it and assigns it meaning; the brain deems it unimportant or important and why Conceptualization and Categorization: • Conceptualization- grouping our sensory information into units, categories, or concepts based on their similarities; the ability to experience the world in terms of concepts or regularized ways of thinking about real or imagined objects and events • Giving labels and categories actively helps us simplify and generalize the world into meaningful concepts Symbols, Signs, and Meanings • Sign- directly connected to an object or event and calls forth a fixed response; meaning is...
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course SOCI 112 taught by Professor Lucas during the Fall '11 term at UNC.
- Fall '11