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Unformatted text preview: ISL Chapter 3: Symbols and the Creation of Reality January 20 Evolution: Unlike other animals, humans do not live directly in a state of nature or see reality plainly as it is; instead human perception constantly is creating and re-creating images and symbols When processing information or sensations, our brains act like symbolic transformers, changing virtually everything passing through them into a stream of symbols This allows humans to have a constructive rather than passive relationship to our environment; we transform and interpret all stimuli before interacting with it Sensation: If we took in and processed all the sensations we are experiencing at any one moment, we would be overwhelmed; perception involves interpreting which sensations are important When any of the 5 senses are stimulated, receptors send a message to the brain which processes it and assigns it meaning; the brain deems it unimportant or important and why Conceptualization and Categorization: Conceptualization- grouping our sensory information into units, categories, or concepts based on their similarities; the ability to experience the world in terms of concepts or regularized ways of thinking about real or imagined objects and events Giving labels and categories actively helps us simplify and generalize the world into meaningful concepts Symbols, Signs, and Meanings Sign- directly connected to an object or event and calls forth a fixed response; meaning is...
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- Fall '11