Exam 4 Spring 2011

Exam 4 Spring 2011 - \10 , 15- f; 3% Laws Name: Lab...

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Unformatted text preview: \10 , 15- f; 3% Laws Name: Lab Section: Biology: Exam 4 —.Spring 2011 120 points (40, 3—pt. questions) White Version BEFORE YOU START, fill in your name, course number (1604) and section number (see below) on your general purpose NCS answer sheet with a #2 pencil. You have the White version of the exam. Write “White” at the top of your answer sheet in the empty space above your name. You are responsible for making sure your completed answer sheet is placed in the correct pile based on your version of the test. Please make sure you use a #2 pencil and that you completely fill in the circles with your answers. Do not make any stray marks on your answer sheet. ' All questions are multiple choice, so select the best answer. You have 50 minutes to complete the exam. 1. The endostyle in the invertebrate Chordates is generally used in and was likely the precursor to the ? pmduetiompharynx 'V bl Filter feeding, thyroid gland Hormone production, larynx rrd“.MReprwoeluetiem‘brain” «Weenietionresophagusw / Members of the subphylum include sea squirts and tunicates. a. Hemichordate Enteropneusta Urochordata d. Cephalochordata 3. Which of the following subphyla of invertebrate chordates maintains the five chordate characteristics throughout its life cycle? I a. Pterobranchia ‘ '«br'mEnteropneusta c. Urochordata Cephalochordata 4. Which of the following is not a member of the Subphylum Vertebrata? Lmny-fishes Lcaaflagmees—fishes (@ echinoderms d. lampreys 5. Which of the following most accurately describe(s) the function of the pharyngeal gill slits in lancelets? - - -a~.-~excretion‘ ‘ b. feeding @ gas exchange -d:~"‘rnovement 6. Which of the following lack jaws? lampreys b. bony fishes c. sharks (1. rays 7. Which of the following is extinct? Pam Qt,“ teas) Mae-limes w @stracoderms i v.0 Maafid c 8. The scales of sharks are modified into teeth, spines, and stingers? ar-etenoid b-.--~-ey~el~oid cf-mganoid /K Which of the following has a collar, trunk, and often lives in secreted tubes in colonies of zoids? Jfierobranehia. . Urochordata. 10. Which of the following represents the unique combination of five characteristics present in all chordates? a) notochord, pharyngeal gill slits, dorsal nerve cord, postanal tail, endostyle \‘ b. notochord, pharyngeal gill slits, hinged jaw, vertebrae, endostyle er—eraniatagrmuscle blocks, hinged jaw, vertebrae, zoid d.-craniata-,—mfiscle blocks, notochord, vertebrae, collar ,eW9_t9§hcrd,.pharyngeal slits, dorsal nerve cord, nephridia 11. A fish that spends most of its life in the ocean and then moves to freshwater to spawn is a. Catadramous @ Anadromous c. Migradromous d. Generalist e. Impossible to tell based on the information given. 12. In fish, the detection of electrical currents is called while the production of electrical currents is called “Wmeebefiegmm leemoreceptionrelee’erosensation c. electrogeneration, electroreception (Q electroreception, electro generation 13. All of the following are characteristics of hagfish except: g as:They‘produceco‘piouramountsof'sli‘rfie Their skulls are made of thick bone ‘ cFIheyare—seavengers WWWtes 14. Marine fish must deal with which of the following situations? a. n gaining water, gaining ions ' b. gaining water, losing ions losing water, gaining ions . losing water, losing ions 15. All of the following are functions provided by the notochord except: a. Support b. Lateral bending 0. Muscle attachment Centralization of the nervous system 16. Some fish continually swim with their mouths open to increase gas exchange in a rocess called . Ram ventilation ' . Open mouthed ventilation c. Buccal ventilation d. Pharyngeal ventilation e. Active ventilation 17. The ost primitive or “ancien ” of all living echinoderms are the: ((1 a. VCrinoids Ophiuroidia 1' -‘EMi-a~ '"”‘ r...- 18. The skeleton of sea urchins consists of ten closely fitting plates and is called a/an: . Cuticle Test 19. Insect dominance in terrestrial environments is due in part to the evolution of: Cephalization c. Metamerism d. Jointed appendages 20. Which of the following is/are general characteristics of millipeds? Ci? “l—pairof‘legs‘per segment pair of legs per segment 0. Live inmdry habitats d. a and b erwbnandew 21. All of the following are at least partially responsible for the success of arthropods except: 7 ‘ a:- *Metamerisrn/tagrnatization ~Ja:-—Eaeoskel-ett7r’f ‘ 33Psued0coe1 Ids/.wMetarnerphosis 22. Which of the following characteristic(s) do Crustaceans have, but other Arthropods do not? W b. Biramous appendages c. 2 pair antennae Mariel-e bandc 23. In animals that exhibit hemimetabolous metamorphosis, immature stages are relatively similar to the adult forms and are called Nymphs 2. Pupae c. Larvae d. Egg 24. Sea cucumbers belong to which of the following classes? a. Asteroidea b. Crinoidea Echinoidea Holothuroidea . Ophiuroidea 25. What is the function of the Aristotle’s lantern, which is found in members of the ? ap/Reproductiomfiehmoidea 19- L999motion;€firroidea c, Respiration, Holothuroidea Defense, Echnioidea Feeding, Echinoidea 26. Centipedes are generally: @fiursorial predators b. Venomous c. Detritivores d. Parasitic 27. The tagmata of insects include: a.««©pithosoma and cephaloth‘orax b.“‘Hea‘d‘“a‘hd“trunk c. ,, , Pro somaV-and 'op'i‘shothoma RHead, thorax and abdomen 28. Which of the following types of environments would you expect to find insects? a. Terrestrial b. Freshwater c. Salt Water d. Aerial All of the above fl a sea star, the is the opening to the outside of the animal and the surrounds the mouth. . b.“ lateral‘eanalmdial-eanal @Wrgimmadneporaiterampfil’la adreporite, radial canal . If a brittle star is grasped by an arm, certain muscles may contract to severe and release the arm in a process called: WWW Evisceration Autonomy W 31. A repellent called hydrogen cyanide is produced by the glands of millipedes. a. Thyroid b. Pancreas c. Poison Repugnatorial 32. A pheromone is a: a. \chemiealrthat‘ispr‘oduce‘dbyindividualswithinronesp‘ecies to , communicate"W“i‘th‘ individuals of a'differeneerspeci‘es br.‘ chemical that ispproducediby individuals within one species to commiunicate with" individuals of the same species c. Physiological response of an individual, regardless of species, to the presence of a predator; All of the above 33. The hemocoel is Arthropods: ‘ used in the open circulatory system bamisthevehange“0"f“ofiedevelopment stage toanother . . . i a . 1 1 . E i 1 1 34. What type of body plan do arthropods exhibit? sifai’giTriploblastic, coelomate, bilaterally symmetric Lubblasficyaeeelemateybflateraflysmmetric c. Triploblastic, coelomate, secondarily radially symmetric d. Diploblastic,,QoleLomate, bilaterally—symetriew eavaiplo’elasti'crcoel‘omate";radiallysymmetric-W“ ' 35. The exoskeleton of Arthropods provides which of the following functions? 21. Structural support b. Muscle attachment 0. Protection é Impermeable surface All of the above 36. Modern adult echinoderms exhibit symmetry and larval echinoderms exhibit symmetry. atr‘easyimnetricai;"asymmetrical b. bilateral, bilateral or bilateral, pentaradial “E; pentaradial, bilateral e. pentaradial, pentaradial 37. What arethe advantages of excreting dilute urine? Mme excesswewhflewm ‘ . Retain excess water while removing extra ions CT““R€1TIOV€“CXEF&“TUITS Which is the largest (in terms of number of species) insect group? @Jaeefl-es omwbutterfliesandmoths = game bugs 39. The notochord is a characteristic that is unique to chordates. Therefore, it is cal a: Sympleisomorphy ‘- Synapomorphy c. Phylongeny d. Monophyletic 40. The are pincherlike structures that are found on some starfish. -ameapul'ae b., Dermal Branchiae Celicerae Pedicellariae ...
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Exam 4 Spring 2011 - \10 , 15- f; 3% Laws Name: Lab...

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