History Lecture Notes

History Lecture Notes - History 1001 Lecture Notes 8/29/07...

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History 1001 Lecture Notes 8/29/07 What is history? A record of the past. The academic study of history is different than just looking at stuff in the past. Herodotus- Often called the father of history. He was the Greek author of The History of the Persian Wars. We translate History from Herodotus, but the word is from Historion. Historion means inquiry, investigation, questioning. Herodotus questioned, investigated, researched, and looked into the past. What Historians do is analyze, investigate, and question the past to come up with an interpretation of the past. We do this through the use of Primary and Secondary Sources. 1.) A primary source is a firsthand account of an event. 2.) A secondary source is a secondhand account, told to someone by a person who witnessed it firsthand. ***For this class, our textbook is the secondary source and our sourcebook is a collection of primary sources. Prof. Dietz is also a secondary source.*** Types of History: (there are more out there) Political Social Intellectual Cultural Institutional Women/Gender Religious Economic History of Science Legal Military How to read a Primary Source: Level One: Who wrote it? Do we know who wrote the primary source? If we don’t know who wrote it, do we know what kind of person could have written it? When was it written? What type of document is it? What’s the main storyline? What’s the basic gist of what this source is saying? Whatís it about? Level Two:
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Who was the intended audience? We must realize that the intended audience of a primary source is not us, the student. Why was it written? What are the assumptions behind the source? What can we assume from reading this source? Level Three: Can I believe this document? How valid of a source is this? -If I can believe this, what can I learn about the society/person who created this document? What kind of history can I write from this document? How does it relate to its context? (The context of the source is extremely important because if you interpret it in relation to an incorrect context, it will yield incorrect assumptions/conclusions). Dating systems: (dating systems as well as period names are something created later than the period for a referenceÖthe people living in that period did not use our system) Year of kingís rule Olympic Games (Greeks would use the Olympic games to keep track of dates) Jewish Calendar Anno Mundi, AM 5767 (present year in this system) Islamic calendar Anno Hegira, AH 1384 (present year in this system) Christian Calendar Anno Domini, AD 2007 AD=CE BC=BCE Fifth century= 400s, either AD or BC What is Western Civilization? 8/31/07 The oldest city is Jericho, which dates back to 80,000 B.C. The city of Catal Huyuk was found in the last 20 years. It dates back to 6,000 B.C. We as historians like writing.
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History Lecture Notes - History 1001 Lecture Notes 8/29/07...

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