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12-rhythm-and-blues-upload - Rhythm and Blues(R B Term...

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Rhythm and Blues (R & B) Term gradually replaces “race music” • Music performed by African American artists and marketed (primarily) to African American consumers. • 1949: term adopted by Billboard magazine Southern black, rural musical traditions shaped by the experience of urban migration (Chicago, Detroit, etc.)
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Rhythm and Blues (R & B) Encapsulates a variety of post-war styles • Blues crooners • Gospel-influenced vocal harmony groups • Swing-influenced “jump blues” • Urban blues • and more
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R & B audience widens in 1940s and 1950s African-American migration to cities in North + West Growing presence of Black Music on the Radio Jukebox Culture Independent Record Labels • appeal to marginalized markets ignored by major labels
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Jump Blues Commercially successful R&B subgenre Hard-swinging dance band Small combos (like a pared down swing band) Oriented around the blues and boogie-woogie style boogie woogie: swinging, uptempo, blues-based piano style
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Louis Jordan (1908–1975) Jump bluesman extraordinaire Singer, saxophonist, showman Interracial appeal, but often performed for segregated audiences
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