Geo 103 Notes

Geo 103 Notes - Geography 103 Geography- an integrative...

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Geography 103 Geography- an integrative discipline that brings together the physical and human dimensions of the world in the study of people, places and environments. Broad areas of expertise Human/Regional- groups of people Physical/Environmental- land forms, topography, global warming Geographic Techniques- GIS, remote sensing, radar What is Geography It is the study of spatial variations- how and why things differ from place to place, and what events and processes determine distributions of phenomena. If history has time then geography has space. The discipline is defined by the types of questions geographers ask: Why does something occur? Why does it occur there? How are people’s lives affected in an area in which a phenomena occurs? o Hurricane Irene for example combines a physical event and social characteristics, all at particular places. o Place or location also matters. Absolute location- Precise location, based on an accepted system of map coordinates Relative Location- Position of a place or thing in relation to the position of other places or things. Site- the place where something is located; the immediate surroundings and their attributes. Situation- the location of something in relation to the physical and human characteristics of a larger region. Second dominant interest of geographers: Focuses on systems that link physical phenomena and human activities in one area of the earth with other areas Physical, technological, or social o Interconnected world, how the world is connected. Why does geography matter? Only discipline that is concerned with understanding why and how physical and cultural phenomena differ from place to place on the surface of the earth. Vital to understanding of national and international problems that are discussed in news reports. Geographic literacy in America- NGS 85% of young Americans can’t find Afghanistan on a map! 56% couldn’t find India 30% couldn’t find the Pacific Ocean. Evolution of Geography Early Greek Scientists o Aristotle (384-322 BC) was the first to demonstrate that the earth was spherical. o Eratoshenes (275-195 BC) was the first person on record to use the word geography. Also accepted that earth was spherical and calculated its circumference within a 0.5 percent accuracy.
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o Strabo is another famous geographer. o Herodotus (484-425 BC)- drew a map on a flat surface, father of history. o Ptolemy- wrote an 8 volume guide to geography, also drew his own map which was held as true for almost 1500 years. Also depicted earth as flat. Little geographic work between 5 th and 15 th century in Europe Expansion of Islam o Allowed for travel and research o Contributions of the Far East China, Japan, and Korea 19 th Century o Alexander von Humbolt- Known as the father of modern geography. o
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course GEO 103 taught by Professor Mr.thompson during the Fall '11 term at South Carolina.

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Geo 103 Notes - Geography 103 Geography- an integrative...

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