Test 2 Study Guide - Benny Goodman-KING OF SWING Great...

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Benny Goodman - KING OF SWING Great Clarinetist - best of Swing Era Made Swing popular and the Pop Music of the Swing Era Led various big bands and small groups throughout his life. FLETCHER HENDERSON 1934- hired as Goodman’s chief Arranger after Henderson’s band broke up. Broke the Color Barrier by hiring Teddy Wilson on Piano BENNY GOODMAN TRIO & QUARTET Who they played with: Goodman - Clarinet Teddy Wilson - Piano Gene Krupa - Drums Lionel Hampton - Vibraphone (Vibes) Fletcher Henderson – Eastern Swing Style PRE-SWING - led a Pre-Swing Band during the 1920s and early 30s Combination of New Orleans Jazz and 1920s Dance Bands MATURE SWING STYLE hired as Goodman’s chief Arranger Gene Krupa – featured on drums one of Goodman’s famous sidemen First Great Drum Soloist brought the drums out from the background to the foreground flashy drum solos- real showman RIFFS and CALL AND RESPONSE- prominent in the arrangement Drums- not typical swing style - plays on tom-toms Played with Benny Goodman Teddy Wilson – featured on Piano best and most influential of the Swing Pianists Typifies the Swing Piano style BENNY GOODMAN QUARTET Duke Ellington Edward Kennedy Ellington SECOND GREAT COMPOSER/ARRANGER IN JAZZ HISTORY and most say THE SINGLE GREATEST Learned to play the piano by watching piano rolls (James P. Johnson) took early lessons from Mrs. Clinkscales TALENTED PAINTER Chief concern was TONE COLOR – SOUND Blended different instruments to create new sounds like a painter mixes colors to create new colors Ellington’s real instrument is not the piano but his BAND UNIQUE RELATIONSHIP WITH HIS BAND and immense LOYALTY from his players some stayed from 1920s to 1970s ARRANGED FOR SPECIFIC PLAYERS Cootie Williams – Played with Duke Ellington Trumpet -master of the plunger mute
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IN A MELLOW TONE 1940 Johny Hodges – Alto Sax - unique sound and style Slides from note to note Silky smooth sound One of Ellington’s most loyal players at Cotton club and at the end Joe Nanton – Played Trombone KO-KO 1940 Jimmy Blanton – Bass - “FATHER OF MODERN JAZZ BASS” Count Basie – played piano Kansas City 7 THE FIRST GREAT RHYTHM SECTION IN JAZZ HISTORY Swung more than any other rhythm section Basie always had outstanding rhythm sections throughout his career major innovator First pianist to rid piano of its Ragtime roots did not always keep the pulse with the rest of the Rhythm Section COMPING= the playing of chords in a random-like way became the modern way of playing in a rhythm section COMP short for accompany or compliment- does both Original Style- light, sparse, space, high register ‘splinks’ and ‘splanks’ played with Moten and formed his own band in 1935 when Moten died - mostly the same band members Freddie Green – Played guitar Part of COUNT BASIE RHYTHM SECTION the ultimate swing rhythm section guitarist the name Freddie Green is synonymous with this style “play like Freddie Green” perfectly even strumming of chords in perfect time outlived Basie in the Basie band CORNER POCKET
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