PS_12_Winter_2011_Slides_for_Lectures_12-13

PS_12_Winter_2011_Slides_for_Lectures_12-13 - Question Why...

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Unformatted text preview: Question: Why does the American electorate consistently vote to return incumbents to office but also support term limits to remove incumbents from office? LECTURE 8 OUTLINE I. The Incumbency Puzzle – high incumbent success + public support for term limits II. Contributors to the Puzzle: nature of competition + public’s behavior + structural effects : Question: Why does the American electorate consistently vote to return incumbents to office but also support term limits to remove incumbents from office? LECTURE 8 OUTLINE I. The Incumbency Puzzle – high incumbent success + public support for term limits II. Contributors to the Puzzle: nature of competition + public’s behavior + structural effects : Nature of Competition • Incumbents have passed through the filter of at least one election; challengers have not Public ’ s Behavior • Voting behavior by the public based on name recognition favors incumbents • Psychology of localism means the public views their own members as atypical Structural Effects • Advantages of office And… Gerrymandering U.S. citizens may obtain a flag that has flown over the House or Senate chamber. Members of Congress take great pride in giving away to their constituents these patriotic gifts that have flown proudly over the nation's Capitol. The legislators do not tell recipients of the flags that periodically a staff aide climbs to the top of the building with a stack of flags, runs each one quickly up and down the pole, and then certifies it as an official Capitol flag. PS 12 Factoid Question: What does it mean to say that structure affects outcomes in politics? LECTURE 9 OUTLINE I. Background to Gerrymandering: Population and Apportionment II. Re-districting III. Why politics is like football Article I, Section 2 Representatives… shall be apportioned among the several States… according to their respective Numbers... The actual Enumeration shall be made… within every subsequent Term of ten Years… 2 4 6 8 10 12 Population Growth Rates 1990-2000 by State California Population, 2000 US Census Bureau: 12.06% of US population lives in California, up from 11.98% in 1990. Outcome: California gained 1 seat in the House States gaining big in 2000: TX, GA, FL, AZ - 2 seats States losing big: PA, NY - 2 seatsfastest growing states were Texas, Georgia, Florida, and Arizona - each get TWO new seats • slowest growing states were Pennsylvania and New California Population, 2010 US Census Bureau Count: 37.3M California State Dept. of Finance: 38.3M No change in number of seats for us Question: What does it mean to say that structure affects outcomes in politics?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/21/2012 for the course POLI SCI 12 taught by Professor Feezell during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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PS_12_Winter_2011_Slides_for_Lectures_12-13 - Question Why...

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