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Unformatted text preview: PHYS 3201 TEST 2 April 14, 2010 1.) Disk in a Bowl10.80.60.40.2 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 110.90.80.70.60.50.40.30.20.1 θ R r A disk of mass M , moment of inertia I , and radius r is placed in a bowl of radius R , where R ≫ r . Assume the disk rolls without slipping. • (a) Write the Lagrangian for the disk in terms of the angle θ and the constants listed above. Acceleration due to gravity is − g everywhere. The potential energy of the disk is V = − MgR cos( θ ) the translational kinetic energy is that of a mass moving in polar coordinates at fixed radius, which is T trans = 1 2 MR 2 ˙ θ 2 We can find the rotational kinetic energy by defining an angle φ that the disk has rotated T rot = 1 2 I ˙ φ 2 but if the disk moves without slipping, the distance the disk has covered on the surface of the bowl must equal the distance along the surface of the disk. R ˙ θ = r ˙ φ → ˙ φ = R r ˙ θ This answer makes sense in the limiting cases a very skinny disk will spin very fast, where as a wide disk will rotate at a slower rate. So we have total kinetic energy T = 1 2 MR ˙ θ 2 + 1 2 I parenleftbigg R r parenrightbigg 2 ˙ θ 2 and so our Lagrangian is L = 1 2 MR ˙ θ 2 + 1 2 I parenleftbigg R r parenrightbigg 2 ˙ θ 2 + MgR cos(...
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 Spring '10
 deHeer
 mechanics, Energy, Inertia, Kinetic Energy, Mass

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