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PSYCH Lecture 1 - Psychology Defined Chapter One Psychology...

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Psychology Defined Chapter One
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Psychology Defined The scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior Reflects the influences of: Biological Processes Individual Differences Time & Culture
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4 Goals of Psychology Describe how people and animals behave Understand and explain the causes of behavior Predict behaviors/reactions across situations Control behavior through understanding its causes and consequences
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A Sample of Psychological Perspectives Biological Perspective Understand the mind and behavior through biological processes in the brain Electrical and chemical processes of neurons Localization of function (in brain, each localization has its own function) Phineas Gage (tamping iron through his head [3ft long], only patient to survive brain damage). His personality changed – from capable to profane. Had epileptic seizures, died 2 years later.
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Psychodynamic Perspective Identified the role of unconscious forces which determine your behavior Personality determined by early life experiences (1 st 5 years of your life) Drives and motivations conflict leading to compromises Freudian slip (ex. “nice dimples” – slips in words, which show a person’s wishes, conflicts, thoughts, etc.)
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