PSYCH Lecture 10 - Memory

PSYCH Lecture 10 - Memory - Memory Memory: the capacity to...

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Unformatted text preview: Memory Memory: the capacity to retain and retrieve information Flashbulb memories: Dramatic positive or negative memory (Amsterdam plane crash) Memories for traumatic events are more vivid than ordinary events Main aspects of trauma remembered Can distort details (people distort details) Accuracy fades over time Flashbulb Memories People Personal recollections of 9/11 or Columbine Cohort differences in flashbulb memories; personal recollections of 9/11 or Columbine Video: people asked if they remember what they were doing when Kennedy was shot How to measure memory Recall: Ability to retrieve information which has been learned earlier (exams) Recognition: Ability to identify previously encountered information (mc in exam; show you 20 faces, which ones do you recognize?) Relearning: Effort is saved in having learned something before (final exam just need to relearn the information) Example Recall Task List the names of the eight reindeer that were Rudolphs friends Recognition Task: Correct List: Models of Memory Information Processing Model: Memory and mind are like a computer Encoding: How to put information in, retain, store, and retrieve Levels of Processing: Different levels of processing impact encoding (to work more efficiently/effectively) Process, encoding, storage, retrieval Structural encoding: (physical structure) only thinking of letters, not words Phonemic encoding: (sound of word) learning the words, what they sound like (can give a definition, but it doesnt help dont know what it means) Semantic encoding: (meaning) how does this definition relate to (?) Shallow Processing: Intermediate Processing: Deep Processing: Three Box Model of Memory Sensory Memory Short Term Memory Long Term Memory Sensory works on its own, info goes into short-term memory => Sensory Memory Sensory Memory Retains for 1-2 seconds Acts as a holding bin ~ second in visual subsystem ~longer in auditory system Decides if it is worth processing STM Short Term Memory : Holds limited amounts of information for up to 20/30 seconds If you decide to pay attention...
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PSYCH Lecture 10 - Memory - Memory Memory: the capacity to...

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