PSYCH Lecture 11 - Language & Thought

PSYCH Lecture 11 - Language & Thought - Language...

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Unformatted text preview: Language and Thought Language Language: System of symbols, sounds meanings and rules of combination that allow for communication among humans Benjamin Whorf: Linguistic relativity ones language determines ones thoughts (how you think) The particular language people use determines the quality of their thoughts Structure of Language Phonemes: Smallest units of sounds which can be distinguished; change in sound can alter meaning cat or bat Initial phonemes BIt or bat Middle phonemes Morphemes: smallest units of meaning in the a language; phrases a made up of morphemes Semantics: The study of the meaning of words/combinations/sentences Syntax: The structure of a language, underlying rules of order/function Gleason Study: Language rules are generative (how much do kids know morphology) Over-regularizations: Grammatical rules incorrectly generalized to exception cases Language Acquisition Device: (Chomsky) Humans possess an inborn language mechanism We are hard-wired to sort input from 20-80 phonemes Adults find it harder to recognize sounds in a different language Lose by 12 months Children can recognize all the phonemes Yet lose them Thats why its better to learn 2 nd language young Surface structure: Particular words used (by a culture) to describe a similar concept Deep structure: Notion of nouns, verbs, commands Chomsky: languages just have diff ways of expressing this Chomsky believes language differ only in surface structure (NOT deep structure elements those are shared structures) Expressive (productive) Language: The ability to produce language Receptive Language: The ability to comprehend, process and integrate the meaning of language Children usually have a > (greater) capacity for receptive speech 12-13 months, 30-40 words, Receptive as in if you ASK them something, theyll say yes, but they wont say please do this for me Stages in Children Language Development Crying Cooing: vowel-like noises Babbling: consonant/vowel: ba ba; da da First Words Holo-phrases: simple word conveys meaning Like go to mean I want to go, you want to go etc Overextensions...
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This note was uploaded on 01/21/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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PSYCH Lecture 11 - Language & Thought - Language...

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