PSYCH Lecture 18 - Stress Part II

PSYCH Lecture 18 - Stress Part II - Stress and Coping...

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Stress and Coping
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Stress Stress: Any circumstance that threatens or is perceived to threaten one’s well-being Stress has both psychological and physiological components
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Stress, Intro. Frustration: The pursuit of a goal is prevented Conflict: Two or more competing and incompatible goals occur Three general types of conflicts: Approach-approach conflicts: A choice must be made between 2 desirable goals The least stressful type of conflict
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Conflicts in Goals Avoidance-avoidance conflict: A choice must be made between two unattractive goals Approach-avoidance conflict: A choice must be made about to achieve a goal which has both positive & negative attributes
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Change Change: Any notable difference in one’s life which requires adaptation. Both positive and negative life changes can be stressful. Holmes and Rahe Social Readjustment Scale: Death of a Spouse (100 points) Marital Reconciliation (45 points) Change in Financial Status (38 points)
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Pressure Pressure: Expectations or demands for one to behave in a particular manner General Adaptation Syndrome (Selye) All types of stressful situations lead to a similar stress response consisting of 3 stages Alarm : The body releases adrenal hormones, sympathetic nervous system is activated Resistance : Body is on “high alert” Exhaustion : Increased physiological vulnerability to stress
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Kanner Kanner : Also studied stress in terms of “daily hassles” The sum total of mundane life tasks combine to create significant levels of stress. Stressors associated with juggling multiple roles. clip Coping What strategies you use to buffer against the stress cycle Active efforts to master , reduce or accept the demands created by stress
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Coping Strategies Adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies exist.
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Maladaptive Coping Strategies Displaced Aggression: Harmful act to someone verbally or physically
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PSYCH Lecture 18 - Stress Part II - Stress and Coping...

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